By Janet Klug
In the Northern Hemisphere, winter begins Dec. 21. For those of us who live north of the Mason-Dixon Line, the long-range weather forecasts are pretty dismal. Both the National Weather Service and the Old Farmers Almanacare predicting a long, hard winter.
This does not fill me with joy. The thought of bundling up in a half-dozen layers of clothing to go out and shovel snow from a driveway that gets longer as more snow falls upon it is not my idea of fun.
On days like that I like to pull out my stamp albums and look at stamps from even colder, more foreboding places, with the thought that things could always be worse.
When you look at a globe, you'll see that the bottom spindle penetrates a continent called Antarctica.
Antarctica is completely surrounded by the Southern (or Antarctic) Ocean, where the waters of the South Pacific, South Atlantic, and Indian oceans commingle.
Its nearest neighbor is a tip of land in Argentina called Tierra del Fuego.
The discovery and exploration of Antarctica have been widely documented on commemorative stamps. A collection of these could easily become an engrossing topical collection. For example, the 10-franc+5fr Polar Exploration semipostal souvenir sheet, Belgium Scott B800, shown in Figure 1, records Belgian exploration in the Antarctic.
Polar explorers Ernest Shackleton, Roald Amundsen, and Robert F. Scott have all been honored on stamps. Reading about the hardships they endured — mind-numbing cold, insufficient supplies, and inadequate communication — certainly makes one appreciate a nice, warm house on a cold winter night.
Many nations have made claims to parts of Antarctica. In 1959, the Antarctic Treaty was signed by 12 nations actively exploring the region. Later, in the spirit of international cooperation, all nations agreed to the treaty, which provides rights for exploration and scientific research.
Several nations have established permanent research bases in Antarctica, and a few have issued postage stamps for the lands within Antarctica under their jurisdiction.
The first Antarctica stamp was issued in the first decade of the 20th century. The New Zealand 1-penny Allegory of Commerce stamp was overprinted "King Edward VII Land" in green for use for the expedition led by Ernest Shackleton. One of the stamps, New Zealand Scott 121a, is shown in Figure 2.
The stamps were overprinted by authority of the New Zealand postal authorities, and they were used on board the expedition's ship Nimrod. They were sold to the public at a premium above face value.
A couple of years later in 1910, a similar overprint reading "Victoria Land" was made on New Zealand's ½d King Edward VII and 1d Allegory of Commerce definitive stamps. The 1d stamp, New Zealand Scott 131d, is shown in Figure 3.
Robert F. Scott's second expedition used these stamps. A post office was actually opened at Cape Evans on Jan. 3, 1911. Scott and his party perished during their return from the South Pole in 1912. The plight of the Scott expedition, recorded in Scott's diary, makes sobering reading.
New Zealand issued the first stamps for its Antarctic territory, Ross Dependency, in January 1957.
A 4d dark carmine Ernest H. Shackleton and Robert F. Scott stamp, New Zealand Ross Dependency Scott L2, is shown in Figure 4.
The 1957 designs were used for a set of stamps in 1967, but this time the stamps were issued in decimal currency. Additional sets of stamps were released on an infrequent basis until the mid-1990s, when Ross Dependency stamps became an annual event.
The Australian Antarctic Territory issued its first stamp in 1957, a 2/- ultramarine Australian Explorers and Map of Antarctica stamp, Australian Antarctic Territory Scott L4, shown in Figure 5. The stamp honored an Australian 1954 expedition.
Additional denominations showing more Antarctic explorers were added to the set in 1959. A rather lengthy definitive stamp series followed, with stamps being issued at fairly frequent intervals.
All Australian Antarctic Territory stamps could be used throughout Australia as well as at the Australian Antarctic bases. The Scott Standard Postage Stamp Cataloguelists both Ross Dependency and Australian Antarctic Territory stamps with the local stamp "L" prefix.
The British Antarctic Territory released stamps for the first time in 1963. This was a handsome engraved set of 15 showing transportation and scenes from the Antarctic.
A 9d olive Dog Sled stamp, British Antarctic Territory Scott 9, is shown in Figure 6.
The stamps were used within Graham Land and on the South Shetland Islands and the South Orkneys, which together form the British Antarctic Territory.
These localities were formerly part of Falkland Islands Dependencies, whose stamps were used prior to 1963.
The French Southern and Antarctic Territories began issuing stamps in 1955.
The first stamp was produced by overprinting a 15-franc Long-Tailed Ground Roller stamp of Madagascar "TERRES AUSTRALES ET ANTARCTIQUES FRANCAISES." The stamp, French Southern and Antarctic Territories Scott 1, is shown in Figure 7.
A year later a very beautifully designed and printed definitive set was issued, and new stamps have been added up to the present time.
The problem with using Antarctic stamps to evoke the feeling that things could be worse upon a winter-weary collector is that in the Southern Hemisphere it is summertime in Antarctica. The weather there could be quite a bit better than places in the north.
So to find worse weather, we have to go much further north to the polar cap in the Arctic. Unlike Antarctica, the North Pole does not sit on a continental landmass, although there is plenty of ice in the Arctic Ocean. One of the ice shelves at the North Pole must surely be the home of Santa Claus and his elves.
North Pole exploration has tempted such hearty individuals as Robert E. Peary, Matthew Henson, Roald Amundsen, Umberto Nobile and Richard Byrd, whose polar flights captured worldwide attention in the 1920s through the 1940s. Amundsen, the great Norwegian explorer, appears on the Albanian 25-leke stamp, Scott 2477c, shown in Figure 8.
In 1958, U.S. nuclear submarines Nautilus and Skate made successful polar cruises.
To find U.S. stamps used within the Arctic Circle, one has to look for stamps used in Barrow, Alaska.
Much of Greenland also lies within the Arctic Circle, as do parts of Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia, especially Siberia.
Seeking souvenir covers and postal history generated by polar expeditions can be very interesting. In 1928, Adm. Richard Byrd conducted his first Antarctic expedition, one that generated souvenir mail. In 1946 his Operation Highjump produced even more souvenir mail, some of which never went anywhere near Antarctica.
There are other expeditions, other explorers and other covers worthy of being included in a polar postal history collection.
Some of the easiest to find are cacheted first-day covers for polar explorer stamps.
You can also get souvenir covers canceled at the American bases, such as those I had sent to myself in 1988, one of which is shown in Figure 9.
The cover is appropriately franked with a 25¢ Richard E. Byrd stamp, U.S. Scott 2388, part of the Antarctic Explorers set of four stamps.
If polar philately sounds interesting to you, you will want to join the American Society of Polar Philatelists.
Write to Alan Warren, ASPP Secretary, Box 39, Exton, PA 19341-0039 or check the group's excellent web site at www.polarphilately.org.
While exploring the polar regions online, I also recommend a visit to
This outstanding site will surely whet your appetite to do some philatelic polar explorations of your own.
As for me, I think I shall put away the snow shovel and join Santa in the tropics, as illustrated on the recent 50¢ Christmas stamp from Christmas Island, shown in Figure 10. Well, at least I can throw another long on the fire and dream. Happy holidays.
August 01, 2015 07:37 PMIt didn’t take long for the doom-and-gloomers to weigh in with their prognostications following the July 24 announcement from the American Philatelic Society that it hired former political aide Scott English to be the next executive director of the nation’s largest stamp club. Read More ›
July 30, 2015 08:04 PMIn the Editor’s Insights columns in the July 20 Linn’s Stamp News monthly and the Aug. 10 weekly Linn’s, I mentioned Linn’s Editorial Advisory Board without giving too much detail. Linn’s goal is to engage its audience both in print and online and to grow this audience. The role of the newly formed Linn’s Editorial Advisory Board is to assist us achieving these goals by keeping us focused on the needs of our audience and helping us adapt to today’s market. Read More ›
July 30, 2015 09:01 AMAs in previous years, Rarities Week, the series of sales conducted June 22-26 by Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries in New York, included several name sales as well as an assortment of notable items from around the world. The week kicked off with something of a do-over: a sizable assortment of better United States stamps and covers that had appeared in four previous sales, but whose winning bidder then failed to pay for them. Read More ›
July 23, 2015 04:35 PMThe Tieton, Wash., post office is a simple 1935 cement block building with a slat wood facade. Townsfolk in the agricultural community of 1,200 in central Washington believe the post office could become a landmark, if only the United States Postal Service would allow them to cover the front with a stamp-like mosaic. Read More ›
Watch as Linn’s senior editor Denise McCarty discusses the hiring of a new executive director of the American Philatelic Society, the new Linn’s Editorial Advisory Board and the upcoming APS Stampshow.
Watch as Scott catalog senior editor Marty Frankevicz discusses the largest souvenir card produced by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. The card is one of three issued to honor the centenary of San Francisco’s Panama-Pacific International Exposition.
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News associate editor Michael Baadke discusses Canada’s recently recalled $1.20 Dinosaur Provincial Park stamps featuring inaccurately described Hoodoo rock formations.
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News editorial director Donna Houseman discusses the discovery of another pane of the intentionally created upright variety of the $2 Jenny Invert stamp.
It is always a treat to get to see stamp dealers’ own collections.
In the recently concluded Linn’s United States Stamp Popularity Poll, the Circus Posters set of eight stamps was chosen as the overall favorite issue of 2014.
Dispersal of the splendid Daniel B. Curtis collection continued March 25, with Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries gaveling items from United States back-of-the-book and possessions.
The 175th anniversary of the first postage stamp, Great Britain's Penny Black, is May 6, but the stamp was placed on sale May 1, 1840, for mailers to use beginning on May 6, the designated issue date.