By Janet Klug
The ringing of bells has served many purposes throughout history. Bells have been rung as warnings, as a call to action, as symbols, as part of a ritual, and simply to create a joyful noise.
Bells are used as decorations during the Christmas season, and they have found their way on many of the world's Christmas stamps.
Figure 1 shows the first United States Christmas stamp to prominently feature a bell in the design, the nondenominated (10¢) stamp (Scott 1580) issued in 1975. The design, taken from an early Christmas card by artist Louis Prang, features a cherub ringing a bell festooned with holly.
This common stamp is interesting for a number of reasons. That it is nondenominated is a curiosity, because the 10¢ letter rate had been in effect since 1973. Why create a non-denominated stamp if the rate had not changed for two years?
There is a simple explanation. The U.S. Postal Service expected a rate increase before the stamp's Oct. 14, 1975, issue date, but there would not be sufficient time to print a Christmas stamps with the new denomination. The work-around was to issue Christmas stamps without denominations and then instruct post office clerks to sell them at the prevailing rate.
As it turned out, the postal rate increase did not occur when expected and the nondenominated Christmas stamps were sold at the old 10¢ rate. The delayed rate increase to 13¢ occurred in early 1976.
The 1975 stamp showing the Prang Christmas card exists with three different Scott-listed perforation measurements, gauging 11.2, 10.9, and 10.5 by 11.3, respectively, a result of some stamps being perforated on the Andreotti press during printing, while others were perforated by a different machine after printing.
New Zealand issued six different Christmas stamps in 1999. Each design shows a scene from the biblical account of the Christmas story within a shape resembling an ornament that would hang on a tree.
Figure 2 depicts the $1.20 stamp (Scott 1611), which shows an angel with a harp within a bell shape.
Jersey's Christmas stamps from 2001 feature 10 different designs in self-adhesive strips. Three stamps show bells used as holiday decorations, such as the nondenominated (29-penny) stamp shown in Figure 3 (Scott 1012c).
The tinkling of sleigh bells inspired the song Jingle Bells, which is not really a Christmas song, but in the Northern Hemisphere, December is the only time of the year one is likely to hear it.
In 2002, Finland issued a gorgeous image of dashing through the snow in a one-horse open sleigh, on the €0.45 stamp (Scott 1181) shown in Figure 4.
The Australian 5¢ Christmas stamp (Scott 429) in Figure 5 depicts Gothic arches but also shows Christmas bells. Do you see them? The flowers in the center of the arches are commonly known as Christmas bells (Blanfordia grandiflora).
The flowers, a protected species, grow in eastern Australian along the coastline and bloom from November through February. Because they are protected, you must have a license to pick Christmas bells in Australia.
The stamp, the lower denomination in a two-stamp set, was issued in 1967.
This is a common stamp with varieties that are fun to find. These varieties appear as an intensified blue color within the arch on the left side of the stamp.
This type of variety is called a retouch. When printing plates, or cylinders in this case, become worn and no longer print perfectly, they are repaired – retouched – so that the retouched areas of the design will accept ink properly. More ink settles into the retouched areas and is transferred to the stamp paper, resulting in the deeper color where the retouch occurred.
Those floral Christmas bells also appear on an earlier non-Christmas definitive stamp that Australia issued in 1960. This 1-shilling 6-penny stamp (Scott 326) shown in Figure 6 was one of a series of higher denomination regular-issue stamps.
Three of the stamps in the series are printed on yellow paper, including this one. Because the Christmas bell flower has a yellow edge, it worked perfectly and contributed to a simple but stunning stamp.
While discussing non-Christmas bell stamps, it might be a good opportunity to mention bells used as symbols.
The 30-pfennig German stamp (Scott 9N73) shown in Figure 7 was issued for occupied Berlin in 1951. The subject is the Berlin Freedom Bell, given in 1950 to Berlin by the U.S. National Committee for a Free Europe, which operated Radio Free Europe.
The bell was installed in West Berlin's city hall on Oct. 24, 1950. It continues to be rung daily at noon, and coincidentally, at midnight on Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve.
There are three 30pf Freedom Bell stamps with similar designs. In addition to the one shown in Figure 7 with the clapper at left, there is also a stamp showing the bell with the clapper on the right (Scott 9N78) and another stamp (9N97), shown in Figure 8, which has the bell clapper hanging straight down.
I wish readers of Linn's a happy holiday season. May the bell of peace ring for all of us in the new year.
July 03, 2015 05:03 PMRegency Superior held a sale June 3-7 in conjunction with the Napex stamp show in McLean, Va. The sale included space memorabilia and autographs, as well as stamps and postal history. In common with other such sales, however, there were some crossover items that covered multiple categories. Read More ›
July 01, 2015 10:28 AMIn the Spotlight on Philately column this month, Ken Lawrence presents a lengthy and fascinating history of the United States 30¢ orange Benjamin Franklin stamp of 1917 with gauge 10 perforations on unwatermarked paper. Read More ›
June 30, 2015 05:14 PMSince the abhorrent murder of nine African-American churchgoers by a white supremacist in Charleston, S.C. on June 17, calls have spread across the United States for symbols of the old Confederacy to be removed from public places. Read More ›
June 25, 2015 03:34 PMThe hardcover edition of the 2015 United States Postal Card Catalog arrived on my desk in mid-June. The catalog is published by the United Postal Stationery Society, of which I am a longtime member. Read More ›
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News editorial director Donna Houseman discusses the announcement that Scott catalogs is assigning Scott number 5000 for United States stamps.
Watch as Scott catalog senior editor Marty Frankevicz discusses a new Spanish stamp commemorating the first international congress on bullfighting as cultural heritage.
Chad Snee reports on the National Postal Museum reception for the display of the British Guiana 1¢ Magenta stamp.
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News associate editor Michael Baadke reports on the recent U.S. postage rate changes and the 10 new stamps being issued this week.
It is always a treat to get to see stamp dealers’ own collections.
In the recently concluded Linn’s United States Stamp Popularity Poll, the Circus Posters set of eight stamps was chosen as the overall favorite issue of 2014.
Dispersal of the splendid Daniel B. Curtis collection continued March 25, with Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries gaveling items from United States back-of-the-book and possessions.
The 175th anniversary of the first postage stamp, Great Britain's Penny Black, is May 6, but the stamp was placed on sale May 1, 1840, for mailers to use beginning on May 6, the designated issue date.