By Rick Miller
Collecting Scott No. 1s of the world can be an interesting challenge, either as a primary interest or as an adjunct to other collecting specialties.
No. 1s of the world – usually, but not always the first stamp issued by any given country – are as varied and different as the countries that have released them.
Just about any stamp collector you meet, regardless of collecting interests, can tell you that Great Britain's Penny Black issued in 1840 (Scott 1) was the world's first postage stamp. As such, it is the No. 1 of No. 1s of the world.
Many collectors who don't collect Great Britain add an example of this stamp to their collections for its historical significance and sentimental value.
This is not a rare stamp – the printing quantity was enormous – but demand is high, and a four-margin example in either unused original gum or used condition carries a hefty catalog value.
Collectors on a tighter budget can shop around and find an attractive used two- or three-margin example, such as the one shown in Figure 1, for a great deal less.
Similarly, most collectors can identify United States Scott 1 as a 5¢ Benjamin Franklin stamp issued in 1847. Again, a four-margin example is pretty expensive, but two- or three-margin examples can be found within the range of most budgets.
While the first British stamp was issued in 1840, the first stamp issued specifically for England, one of the four nations making up the United Kingdom, was not issued until 2001. That nondenominated second-class Royal Arms of England stamp (Scott 1) is shown in Figure 2.
At the turn of 20th century, Ethiopia was one of just two independent nations in Africa. Issued in 1895, the Ethiopian ½-guerche Emperor Menelik II stamp shown in Figure 3 is one of the affordable classic No. 1s of the world. Its value, as given in the Scott Classic Specialized Catalogue of Stamps and Covers 1840-1940, is $3 in unused original gum condition.
Although it is 142 years old, the Salvadoran ½-real Volcano San Miguel stamp (Scott 1) shown in Figure 4 would set you back only $2 if you paid full catalog value for an unused original-gum example. Why not splurge and look for one in mint never-hinged condition?
Granted, there are some No. 1s that are forever beyond the reach of all but the most affluent collectors. One such is the 1847 Mauritius 1-penny Queen Victoria stamp shown in Figure 5.
I am a historian by education and inclination, and it was the history behind the stamps that originally drew me to collecting.
World War I saw a host of newly independent nations emerge from the collapse of the old multinational German, Austro-Hungarian, Russian and Ottoman empires.
Among the new nations were the three Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. As they struggled for life and liberty, they were denied de jure recognition and support from the victorious Allies, invaded from the east by Russian Bolshevik armies eager to spread the revolution to the rest of Europe, and occupied by undemobilized bands of German troops known as Freikorps.
These chaotic conditions are reflected in the first Latvian stamps, which were printed on the backs of German general staff military maps. There is a lot of dramatic history in this little piece shown in Figure 6.
The post-World War II era saw decolonization in Africa, Asia and the Pacific and the emergence of dozens of newly independent states.
Issued in 1964, the Zambian 3-penny President Kenneth D. Kaunda and Victoria Falls stamp shown in Figure 7 is at least tied for the least expensive Scott 1 because its value is the catalog minimum, 20¢.
Bangladesh, formerly an exclave known as East Pakistan, became independent in 1971 after a brief civil war with Pakistan. I remember thinking at the time, "Here's my chance to subscribe to new issues and have a complete country collection."
I didn't follow through, but the 10-paisa Map of Bangladesh stamp shown in Figure 8 is still valued at the catalog minimum.
The pace of newly emerging stamp issuing entities might have slowed, but it has yet to come to a stop.
Mount Athos, an autonomous monastic state at the top of a mountain on a peninsula in northern Greece, issued its first stamps on May 16, 2008. The stamps are sold throughout Greece and are valid for international postage.
A Greece-Mount Athos €0.40 Byzantine Emperor Nikephoras II Phokas stamp (Scott 1) is shown in Figure 9.
blogIn this column in the Aug. 24 issue of Linn’s, I referred to the American Philatelic Research Library in Bellefonte, Pa., as a “gift to stamp collectors.” The BNAPS library and the APRL are two of many libraries available to stamp collectors, and some philatelic libraries are available online. Read More ›
blogIt’s often been said that one of the salutary benefits of collecting stamps is the friendships made along one’s philatelic journey. If I were asked to place a value on the bonds thus forged with collectors in locales near and far, I would be rich beyond measure. A few of these hobby friends I have never met in person. Read More ›
blogToday, Nov. 11, 2015, is Veterans Day. Over the years, a number of United States stamps honoring those who have served in our nation’s armed forces have been issued. Read More ›
blogMy previous blog post focused on a mystery: the apparent indentations of paper clips on United States Purple Heart forever stamps that were used to mail payments to the circulation department of my employer, Amos Media in Sidney, Ohio. Read More ›
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News senior editor Denise McCarty discusses Great Britain’s final stamp issue for 2015, a Star Wars prestige booklet, and reveals what is included in its stamp program for 2016.
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News managing editor Chad Snee discusses a registered 1967 cover from Qatar that recently sold for almost $1,200 and the latest discovery of an Upright Jenny Invert pane.
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News editorial director Donna Houseman announces that Linn’s has been named official daily publisher of World Stamp Show-NY 2016 and provides an update on the reorganization of the Scott catalogs.
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News senior editor Marty Frankevicz reports on the suspension of Canada Post’s cluster box conversion plan after the election of a new prime minister.
It is always a treat to get to see stamp dealers’ own collections.
In the recently concluded Linn’s United States Stamp Popularity Poll, the Circus Posters set of eight stamps was chosen as the overall favorite issue of 2014.
Dispersal of the splendid Daniel B. Curtis collection continued March 25, with Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries gaveling items from United States back-of-the-book and possessions.
The 175th anniversary of the first postage stamp, Great Britain's Penny Black, is May 6, but the stamp was placed on sale May 1, 1840, for mailers to use beginning on May 6, the designated issue date.