By Janet Klug
A recent magazine article asked readers to comment on whether or not schools should teach children cursive handwriting.
The opinions expressed by readers made good cases, both pro and con.Many school districts eliminated cursive handwriting instruction as part of their curricula several years ago, so it is no surprise that a large percentage of young people print rather than write in cursive.
On the side of eliminating cursive handwriting instruction, one reader postulated it was an art form and wastes valuable teaching time needed for core subjects. Computers are used for everything, including classwork, therefore cursive is no longer needed.
Those favoring cursive being taught compared its relevance to the use of calculators in schools: children now cannot do simple math without them. Texting has reduced spelling to acronyms, and, if there is a power failure, children will no longer be able to add, read or write.
My concern is that at some point, students will not know how to read the cursive handwriting that exists in many places, including the Constitution of the United States of America, and in old correspondence.
Those of us of a certain age learned cursive writing in elementary school, probably in the third grade. We practiced it and were graded on our penmanship. In fact, my fellow classmates and I were required to use fountain pens until we got to high school.
We were taught the Palmer method, a simplified and less beautiful style of writing that replaced the Spencerian method in the 1920s. Many of the most beautiful stampless covers are addressed and written by those who practiced the Spencerian method of penmanship that flourished, quite literally, from the middle of the 19th century until Palmer's method replaced it in schools.
The small lady's cover embossed with the writer's initial "E" for "Elizabeth," shown in Figure 1, provides an example of Spencerian cursive. The letter contained within is dated Aug. 4, 1873, and the letter is signed "Bessie," a nickname for Elizabeth. Bessie practiced Spencerian cursive.
In the days before typewriters, telegraphs and telephones, business record keeping and communications were handwritten. The handwriting had to be clear and precise so that orders were filled properly and records were not open to misinterpretation.
Employers put great stock in hiring clerks who could write a good hand. Business colleges taught courses in penmanship because it was a vital skill for a worker to have.
Figure 2 illustrates a cover that shows Spencerian script both on the advertising element at the top of the cover and in the handwritten address. It was sent from the Spencerian Business College in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1890. Besides teaching business courses, as this cover advertised, the school offered "A complete school of penmanship."
The swooping curlicues of Spencerian script fell out of fashion in the late 19th century when Austin Palmer developed a style of handwriting that was more easily learned, although in my own case, I still remember spending hours filling sheets full of repetitive strokes.
Figure 3 shows an example of Palmer cursive in the addresses on a special delivery cover mailed from Roanoke, Ill., to St. Louis, Mo., in 1952.
Today, some schools are teaching a modified type of manuscript writing called D'Nelian that is based on printed letters slanted like italics. Eventually, this is supposed to morph into D'Nelian cursive that will somewhat resemble the old Palmer method.
Those who love beautiful handwriting might consider collecting stamps that illustrate cursive writing.
United States stamps are rife with examples, such as the America Credo series (Scott 1139-44) issued in 1960 and 1961.
These 4¢ stamps give a brief quotation and then show a model of the signature of the person whose credo it represents: George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Francis Scott Key, Abraham Lincoln and Patrick Henry. The 4¢ George Washington's Credo stamp (Scott 1139) is shown in Figure 4.
The signatures are not exact replicas. George Washington's signature was modernized, because in his day Washington signed with the "s" shaped very much like an "f," so that to modern eyes the father of our country's signature looks like "Wafhington."
Figure 5 depicts the 1985 22¢ Public Education stamp (Scott 2159). The design shows a practice sheet full of script that looks somewhat like Spencerian, as well as the ink and quill pen used to create it.
A year later, the U.S. Postal Service issued a set of four souvenir sheets (Scott 2216-19) depicting all of the presidents from Washington to Lyndon Johnson, with replicas of their signatures above their heads. This time Washington's signature is shown as he wrote it.
Old letters and documents are worth keeping, reading and understanding.
If we lose the ability to read cursive writing, how will we fully appreciate the history we care for in our collections?
For help in understanding old documents, visit the Archiving Early America web site at www.earlyamerica.com.
July 30, 2015 09:01 AMAs in previous years, Rarities Week, the series of sales conducted June 22-26 by Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries in New York, included several name sales as well as an assortment of notable items from around the world. The week kicked off with something of a do-over: a sizable assortment of better United States stamps and covers that had appeared in four previous sales, but whose winning bidder then failed to pay for them. Read More ›
July 23, 2015 04:35 PMThe Tieton, Wash., post office is a simple 1935 cement block building with a slat wood facade. Townsfolk in the agricultural community of 1,200 in central Washington believe the post office could become a landmark, if only the United States Postal Service would allow them to cover the front with a stamp-like mosaic. Read More ›
July 23, 2015 03:11 PMThe American Philatelic Society will host the nation’s largest annual stamp exhibition Aug. 20-23. The show will take place at the DeVos Place Convention Center, 303 Monroe Ave. NW, Grand Rapids, Mich. Read More ›
July 21, 2015 01:00 PMLinn’s Washington Correspondent Bill McAllister recently reported that the Inspector General of the United States Postal Service has taken the nation’s mail agency to task for intentionally creating 100 upright $2 Jenny Invert panes. Read More ›
Watch as Scott catalog senior editor Marty Frankevicz discusses the largest souvenir card produced by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing. The card is one of three issued to honor the centenary of San Francisco’s Panama-Pacific International Exposition.
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News associate editor Michael Baadke discusses Canada’s recently recalled $1.20 Dinosaur Provincial Park stamps featuring inaccurately described Hoodoo rock formations.
Watch as Linn’s Stamp News editorial director Donna Houseman discusses the discovery of another pane of the intentionally created upright variety of the $2 Jenny Invert stamp.
Chad Snee discusses the recent sale of the glass locket containing the famed 1918 Jenny Invert airmail error stamp.
It is always a treat to get to see stamp dealers’ own collections.
In the recently concluded Linn’s United States Stamp Popularity Poll, the Circus Posters set of eight stamps was chosen as the overall favorite issue of 2014.
Dispersal of the splendid Daniel B. Curtis collection continued March 25, with Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries gaveling items from United States back-of-the-book and possessions.
The 175th anniversary of the first postage stamp, Great Britain's Penny Black, is May 6, but the stamp was placed on sale May 1, 1840, for mailers to use beginning on May 6, the designated issue date.