By John M. Hotchner
The United States Post Office Department honored Adlai E. Stevenson II on a 5¢ stamp issued Oct. 23, 1965, shortly after he passed away suddenly on July 14, 1965, while serving as U.S. ambassador to the United Nations.
His death ended a distinguished career in politics that included service as governor of Illinois (1949-53), presidential candidate of the Democratic Party in 1952 and 1956, and a run for the nomination in 1960.
John Kennedy, who beat Stevenson for the Democratic Party nomination and ultimately was elected president in 1960, appointed him to the United Nations post shortly after taking office.
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Stevenson was named after his grandfather, who had served as vice president of the United States in the second Grover Cleveland administration (1893-97) and ran again for vice president on the unsuccessful William Jennings Bryan ticket in the 1900 election.
Adlai Stevenson III (1930) followed in the family’s political tradition, serving as treasurer of Illinois (1967-70), U.S. senator from Illinois (1970-81), and as an unsuccessful candidate for Illinois governor in 1982 and 1986.
New York artist George Samerjan designed the 1965 Adlai Stephenson commemorative, using a photograph by Philippe Halsman. However, this was not the first Halsman photograph selected for the design.
According to a report many years ago in Minkus Stamp Journal, the last-minute change of the photographic portrait to be used in the design was made at the request of the family.
Three of the rejected designs using the original photograph are pictured nearby.
Also pictured are two Adlai Stevenson campaign mailings.
Shown first is a cover with an Oct. 7, 1952, cancellation from Maquoketa, Iowa, with a corner illustration of the town’s Decker House, a historical hotel.
The cover is franked with the 1949 6¢ DC-4 Skymaster airmail stamp (Scott C39). Beside the stamp is a label showing Stevenson with the message “I’m for Adlai.”
The other item, also from the 1952 campaign, is an unmailed postcard with the message from a supporter who asked and then answered the question, “Do you know why I’m voting for Adlai E. Stevenson for President of the United States?”
Stevenson ran against war hero Dwight D. Eisenhower in both the 1952 and 1956 elections and was soundly beaten in both: 34 million popular votes to 27.3 million in 1952 (442 electoral votes to 89), and 35.6 million popular votes to 25 million (457 electoral votes to 73) in 1956.
An honorable man, an exceptional orator, and devoted public servant, Stevenson just had the bad luck to be up against a war hero running as a Republican after 16 years of Democrats in the White House.
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