Stamp Issuing Entities Of The World

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Karelia (1922, 1941-43)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 270,000 (1923 estimate). A Soviet district east of Finland. During 1921-22, an autonomous government briefly issued stamps until its suppression by the Soviets. During 1941-43, the area was occupied by Finland, at which time overprinted Finnish issues and one semipostal were used. A number of overprinted Soviet stamps appeared on the market in the early 1990s, supposedly local overprints for Karelia. They are private productions.

Karlsbad (1938)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A city in the Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia). In 1938, the local authorities overprinted 68 Czechoslovakian stamps to commemorate the area's cession to Germany.

Katanga (1960-63)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. The southernmost province of Zaire. When Belgium granted independence to the Belgian Congo in 1960, Katanga seceded from the new state. After a bitter struggle, the Katangan regime was defeated by the central government with U.N. support. In early 1977, Katangan forces, based in Angola, launched an invasion of the province. After a rapid initial advance, the Katangese were defeated by forces of the Zairian government, with the support of Moroccan troops and aid from the United States and other Western powers.

Kazakstan (1992-)

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 16,898,572. The northern portion of Turkestan, in west-central Asia, the territory of Kazakstan was conquered by Russia during the 18th and 19th centuries. In December 1991, it became an independent republic.

Kedah (1912-)

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 752,700 (1960 estimate). A sultanate in southwest Malayan peninsula. Kedah was under British protection from 1909 to 1942, Japanese occupation 1942-43, Siamese occupation 1943-45, British administration 1945-57. Since 1948, Kedah has been a member of the Federation of Malaya.

Kelantan (1911-)

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 545,600 (1960 estimate). A sultanate in northeast Malaya peninsula. The area was under British protection after 1909, and was occupied by Japan (1942-43) and Siam (1943-45) during World War II.

Kenya (1963-)

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 28,803,085. Republic in East Africa. Under British control from the late 19th century, a nationalist Kenyan revolution began in 1959. After years of fighting, Great Britain agreed to grant Kenyan independence, which was declared Dec. 12, 1963. During 1968-72, the government mounted a campaign against Asians with British passports, who controlled the commerce of the nation, and many were forced to leave the country. Kenya has shown steady economic growth since independence and enjoys a relatively free political life. During the 1980s and 1990s, tension between various opposing ethnic and political groups has shaken Kenyan stability.

Kenya and Uganda (1922-35)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. The postal union comprising the colony of Kenya (coastal area), the protectorate of Kenya (inland) and Uganda, all British colonial territories.

Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika (1935-64)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 42.7 million (1976 estimate). Postal union of Kenya, Uganda and the mandated territory of Tanganyika, British possessions in East Africa. The area was renamed Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, after Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form Tanzania in 1964.

Kerassunde (1909-14)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A Turkish port on the Black Sea, now Giresun. After 1909, the Russian post office in Kerassunde used stamps of the Russian Levant overprinted with the name of the city.

Khor Fakkan (1965-69)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A dependency of the sheikhdom of Sharjah in the Trucial States of eastern Arabia.

Kiauchau (1900-14)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 190,000 (1909 estimate). Former German colony on the southern side of the Shantung peninsula in China. The area was seized by Germany in 1897 and subsequently leased to Germany by China. It was occupied by Japan in 1914 and returned to China in 1922.

Kiev (1918, 1920)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. Capital of the Ukraine. Kiev issued stamps during the confused period of the Russian Civil War. In 1918, Russian stamps were overprinted with the trident device of the Ukraine. In 1920, Kievan authorities issued surcharged Russian savings stamps for provisional postage use. In 1992, Kiev authorities issued a set of overprinted Soviet stamps for local use, using a trident device reminiscent of the 1918 issues. Although these stamps seem to have been official, the hundreds of similar overprints issued soon after in the names of other Ukrainian municipalities were not.

Kilis (1921)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 34,000 (1914). A city in southern Turkey. After World War I, this area was included in the French-occupied territory of Syria. It was restored to Turkey in 1923. In 1921, a shortage of regular stamps necessitated a single provisional issue.

King Edward VII Land (1908)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. In 1908, Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton led a British expedition to explore King Edward VII Land in Antarctica. A contemporary New Zealand stamp was overprinted for use by the members of the expedition.

Kionga (1916)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A small area in northern Mozambique in the Indian Ocean. Kionga was part of German East Africa until World War I, when it was occupied by Portuguese forces from Mozambique, to which it was joined by the Treaty of Versailles.

Kiribati (1979-)

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 82,449. The British protectorate of the Gilbert Islands became the independent republic of Kiribati on July 12, 1979.

Kirin and Heilungchang (1927-31)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A district of Manchuria. After 1927, Chinese stamps were overprinted for sale in the area. These issues were replaced by those of Manchukuo in 1931, after Japanese forces overran Manchuria.

Kishangarh (1899-1949)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A former princely state in northwestern India. In 1948, it joined Rajasthan, whose stamps were used from 1949 to 1950. Since 1950, Indian issues have been used.

Konstantinsbad (1938)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A city in the Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia). In 1938 the municipal authorities overprinted 35 different Czechoslovakian stamps to commemorate union with Germany.

Korce (Korytsa, also Korytza, Korca, Koritsa or Coritsa) (1914-18)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. The center of the short-lived Eastern Albanian Republic during World War I. Supported by French troops, the republic collapsed upon their withdrawal in 1918. During its existence, however, the Korce regime issued a number of stamps, which are listed under "Albania" in the standard U.S. catalogs. Forgeries of the 1917-18 issues abound, and collectors should use caution when buying them.

Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North Korea) (1946-)

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 24,317,004. A communist state occupying the northern half of the Korean peninsula. After World War II, Korea was occupied from Japan, with U.S. forces holding the southern half of the country. Soviet troops occupied the north. In 1948, this partition was made permanent, and separate regimes were established in the two zones. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established on May 1, 1948, under the leadership of Kim Il Sung. In 1950, North Korea attacked South Korea, but three years of fighting, with United States, United Nations and Chinese intervention, ended with a cease-fire that left the boundary between the two Koreas essentially unchanged. The greatest part of Korea's resources and prewar industry were in the north, and the North Korean government has actively developed these into a substantial industrial plant. North Korea is one of the last truly totalitarian states, built upon a personality cult centered around Kim Il Sung, a cult that has been maintained, though with some difficulty, in his son, Kim Jong Il, who succeeded his father in 1994. The regime's xenophobic foreign policy and chronic economic mismanagement have brought famine internally and largely isolated its dealings abroad. It continues to support a large military force and to develop nuclear weapons, so its increasing instability is grounds for grave concern. North Korean stamp issues are subject to U.S. Treasury Department restrictions and cannot be imported through the mail.

Korea, Republic of (South Korea) (1946)

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 45,648,811. After the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948, the Republic of Korea was established in the southern portion of the peninsula occupied by the United States. The regime in the south was recognized as the legal government of Korea on Dec. 12, 1948. On June 25, 1950, North Korea attacked South Korea, quickly pushing the South Korean forces back to a small pocket of resistance in the southeast. Massive U.N. intervention brought a North Korean rout, but the invasion of the North by communist China brought the retreat of the U.N. forces to below the 38th parallel. On July 10, 1951, after renewed U.N. advances, peace talks began, and on July 27, 1953, an armistice was achieved. A technical state of war continues between the two Koreas, and a large number of U.S. forces remain in the south. From 1948 to 1960, Dr. Syngman Rhee was president of South Korea. The corruption of the regime alienated many South Koreans, and in 1960 Rhee was forced to resign. In the following year, a military coup brought Gen. Park Chung Hee to power. Park expanded his power and ruled dictatorially until his assassination in 1979. In 1980, the head of South Korean military intelligence established martial law and suppressed political opposition. Popular demonstrations in 1987 led to popular elections, and in 1993 the first civilian president since 1960 took office. Despite South Korea's political turmoil, a dynamic, modern manufacturing economy has developed over the past three decades, and it is one of the most prosperous of the East Asian nations.

Korea (1884-85, 1895-1905, 1946)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive; Population: 22.8 million (1938 estimate). A peninsula in east Asia, surrounded on three sides by the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea and bounded on the north by Manchuria and the Soviet Union. Korea was united in the seventh century and at times was under Chinese control. In 1895, it passed under Japanese influence, and in 1910, Japan annexed Korea. After World War II, Korea was divided at the 38th parallel into two zones of occupation — the north under the Soviets and the south under the United States. In 1948, separate regimes were established in the two zones.

Kuban Cossack Government (1918-20)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. In late 1917, the Kuban Cossacks in southern Russia established a republic, which in the spring of 1918 declared its independence. They were recognized by the White Russian government of Gen. Denikin, but after his withdrawal from the area in March 1920, the republic was quickly occupied by the Red Army. A number of Russian stamps were surcharged by this regime.

Kurdistan (1923)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. The region of western Asia occupied by the Kurds, divided between Iraq, Iran and Turkey. In 1923, stamps were issued by rebel forces in northern Iraq.

Kurland (1945)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. Four German stamps were overprinted for use in Kurzeme in April 1945, by German forces cut off by the Soviet advance. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, Soviet stamps overprinted "Kurlandia" appeared on the market. They are bogus.

Kustanai (1920)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A city in Kazakstan. In 1920, the local authorities overprinted Russian stamps for use in the area.

Kuwait (1923-)

Stamp-issuing status: active; Population: 2,076,805. A sheikhdom at the northern end of the Persian Gulf. Kuwait was under British protection from 1899 to 1961, becoming independent June 19, 1961. Kuwait is rich in oil and one of the more active members of OPEC. During the 1970s, Kuwait led the push for increasing petroleum prices and became extremely wealthy. Education, medical care and social security are free to Kuwaiti citizens, and internal taxation has been abolished. During the war between Iran and Iraq (1980-88), Kuwait supported Iraq, which brought Iranian attacks against its oil tankers in the Gulf. On August 2, 1990, Kuwait was attacked and quickly overrun by Iraq. A coalition of nations, led by the United States, reoccupied Kuwait in February 1991. The government has since spent billions of dollars repairing oil fields set ablaze by the retreating Iraqis.

Kwangchowan (1906-44)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A Chinese port south of Canton leased by France from 1898 to 1945. Kwangchowan was administered as part of French Indochina. Occupied by Japan during World War II, the city was reoccupied by China after the war.

Kwangtung (1942-50)

Stamp-issuing status: inactive. A province in southern China, centered around its capital, Canton. Japanese forces occupying Kwangtung overprinted 60 Chinese stamps for use in the province from 1942 to 1945. Some 10 regular Chinese (Nationalist) issues were used during 1945-49. In October 1949, Canton, which had briefly become the Nationalist capital, fell to the communists, and communist issues for South China came into use, to be replaced by national issues in 1950.

Kyrgyzstan (1992-)

Stamp-issuing status: active. Population: 3,858,736. Republic in central Asia, situated between Kazakstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. Kyrgyzstan, long the home of the Turkic Kyrgyz people, was conquered by Russia in the late 19th century. Russian colonization in the early 1900s provoked an unsuccessful Kyrgyz rebellion in 1916, and Russian/Soviet rule continued until the breakup of the Soviet Union. Kyrgystan declared its independence on August 31, 1991, and joined the United Nations in 1992. Since independence, the government has moved forcefully to implement economic reform.

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