World Stamps

Canadian stamp marks the1914 Komagata Maru incident

May 7, 2014, 3 AM

Canada’s $2.50 Komagata Maru Incident stamp issued May 1, the first day of Asian Heritage Month.

Canada Post will mark the centennial of the 1914 Komagata Maru incident with a $2.50 international-rate stamp issued May 1 in a booklet of six.

On May 23, 1914, the Japanese freighter Komagata Maru arrived in the harbor of Vancouver, British Columbia, with 376 passengers from India on board — 340 Shiks, 24 Muslims and 12 Hindus — seeking to immigrate to Canada. Before the incident ended almost five months later, only 20 were allowed to enter Canada, and another 19 were killed upon their return to India.

A website devoted to the Komagata Maru incident was created by the Simon Fraser University Library and funded by the Department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada under the auspices of the Community Historical Recognition Program. The website summarized what happened: “On May 23, 1914, a crowded ship from Hong Kong carrying 376 passengers, most being immigrants from Punjab, British India, arrived in Vancouver’s Burrard Inlet on the west coast of the Dominion of Canada. The passengers, all British subjects, were challenging the Continuous Passage regulation, which stated that immigrants must ‘come from the country of their birth, or citizenship, by a continuous journey and on through tickets purchased before leaving the country of their birth, or citizenship.’ The regulation had been brought into force in 1908 in an effort to curb Indian immigration to Canada.

“As a result, the Komagata Maru was denied docking by the authorities and only twenty returning residents, and the ship’s doctor and his family were eventually granted admission to Canada.

“Following a two month stalemate, the ship was escorted out of the harbour by the Canadian military on July 23, 1914 and forced to sail back to Budge-Budge, India where nineteen of the passengers were killed by gunfire upon disembarking and many others imprisoned.”

Illustrator Mark Summers created the artwork for the stamp. United States stamp collectors will recognize Summers scratch-board style artwork because he used this technique in designing some of the Distinguished Americans stamps and the 2009 Abraham Lincoln stamp set (Scott 4380-4383).

The Komagata Maru stamp was printed by Canadian Bank Note by five-color offset lithography on Tullis Russell paper, with general tagging on all four sides. The booklet stamps have serpentine die cuts on all four sides. The printing quantity for the issue is 1.5 million booklet stamps.

The booklet of six stamps is Canada Post item No. 413932111.

Canada Post will service 14,000 each of two different official first-day covers. The FDCs will bear a postmark from Vancouver, British Columbia. The FDC showing the ship is Canada Post item No. 413932131, and the FDC showing the people is item No. 413933131.

Canada Post products are available at Stamps and FDCs will be available by mail order from the National Philatelic Centre, Canada Post Corp., 75 St. Ninian St., Antigonish, NS B2G 2R8, Canada; or by telephone from the United States and Canada at 800-565-4362, and from other countries at 902-863-6550.

Canada’s stamps and stamp products are also available from many new-issue stamp dealers, and from Canada Post’s agent in the United States: Interpost, Box 420, Hewlett, NY 11557.